24 Common Questions about Corporations with U.S Owners and the Corporate Transparency Act Answered—by a CPA

24 Common Questions about Corporations with U.S Owners and the Corporate Transparency Act Answered—by a CPA

The Corporate Transparency Act (CTA), effective from January 1, 2024, introduces new reporting requirements for corporations with U.S. owners. Here, we answer 24 common questions about these new regulations:

  1. What is the Corporate Transparency Act? The CTA mandates U.S.-registered entities to report beneficial ownership information to FinCEN, aimed at preventing financial crimes.
  2. Who Qualifies as a Reporting Company? This includes corporations, LLCs, and similar entities, both domestic and foreign, registered to do business in the U.S.
  3. What Information Must Reporting Companies Submit? Companies must report their legal name, trade names, address, jurisdiction of formation, and company identification number.
  4. Who is a Beneficial Owner? Any individual who has substantial control over a company or owns a significant percentage of it.
  5. Definition of a Company Applicant? The individual who files the document to create a domestic entity or registers a foreign entity in the U.S.

  6. What Details are Required for Beneficial Owners and Company Applicants? Full legal name, date of birth, addresses, unique identifying number from an acceptable document, and an image of the identifying document.
  7. When are Initial Reports Due? For entities formed or registered before January 1, 2024, reports are due by January 1, 2025. New entities have 90 days post-registration.
  8. What is a FINCEN Identifier? A unique number assigned by FinCEN that can be used for reporting purposes instead of personal information.
  9. Can Beneficial Owners Use a FinCEN ID Instead of Personal Information? Yes, a FinCEN ID can be provided to the reporting company and used in the report.
  10. Penalties for Non-Compliance? Both civil and criminal penalties apply for failure to report or providing false information.
  11. Who Can Access the Reported Information? Access is limited to certain federal agencies, law enforcement, and financial institutions under specific circumstances.
  12. What Triggers Updated Reports? Changes in beneficial ownership, or substantial control over the company.

  13. Are There Exceptions to the CTA? Yes, including minor children, nominees, agents, employees, inheritors, creditors, and certain types of regulated entities.
  14. Concerns About Data Security and Confidentiality? FinCEN’s database is not public and is secured under strict protocols. FinCEN ensures confidentiality; the data is not publicly accessible. Access is limited to certain federal agencies, law enforcement, and financial institutions under specific conditions.
  15. Can Reports be Filed Independently? Yes, through FinCEN’s Beneficial Ownership Information Filing System.
  16. Specific Requirements for U.S. Corporations? U.S. corporations are subject to the same reporting rules as foreign entities.
  17. Impact of CTA on Global Financial Systems? The CTA aims to increase transparency and combat illicit financial activities globally.
  18. How to Determine Substantial Control in a Corporation? It includes individuals with significant decision-making authority.
  19. What if a Corporation is Inactive? Dormant companies may be exempt, subject to specific conditions.

  20. Updating Information with FinCEN Identifier? Any changes must be updated within 30 days.
  21. Guidance for U.S. Corporations with Foreign Owners? The same rules apply, emphasizing the need for compliance regardless of ownership origin.
  22. What About Corporations with Mixed U.S. and Foreign Ownership? They must comply if they are registered or do business in the U.S
  23. Are Subsidiaries of U.S. Corporations Affected? If they meet the criteria of a reporting company, they are subject to the CTA.
  24. Where Can I Get Professional Help with CTA Compliance? At O&G Tax and Accounting, we specialize in assisting corporations with CTA compliance.

For U.S.-owned corporations seeking clarity and compliance with the Corporate Transparency Act, O&G Tax and Accounting is here to guide you through the process. Our expertise ensures your company adheres to these new regulations without hassle. For those opting to manage reporting independently, visit FinCEN’s website to submit your information.

For those preferring to handle reporting independently, you can submit your report online through FinCEN’s Beneficial Ownership Information Filing System. Trust our expertise to ensure your corporation stays compliant and avoids penalties.